The term organic cotton is literally translated from English Organic Cotton. In the production of organic cotton, organic fertilizers are mainly used for the prevention and control of pests and diseases, and chemical products are not allowed. From seeds to agricultural products, all natural and pollution-free production. Based on the “Agricultural Product Safety Quality Standards” promulgated by countries or WTO/FAO, the content of toxic and hazardous substances such as pesticide heavy metal nitrate harmful organisms (including microorganisms, parasite eggs, etc.) in cotton is controlled within the limits specified by the standard, and Certified commodity cotton. In terms of the production of organic cotton, it is necessary to cultivate not only the necessary conditions of light, heat, water and soil for cotton, but also specific requirements for the cleanliness of the cultivated soil environment, irrigation water quality, and air environment.
The production of organic cotton does not only mean the replacement of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, organic. Organic cultivation methods are more based on the input of knowledge-based traditional agronomic processes. The purpose of the systematic approach is to create a diverse and balanced agro-ecosystem that preferably includes all types of crops and farm activities. Changing their production systems from traditional organic farms requires a two-year conversion period. An important component of organic production is the careful selection of varieties to adapt to local climate, soil, pest and disease robust conditions. Soil fertility management (internal link) crop diversification and organic inputs, such as fertilizer and crop nutrient based, cover and fertilizer. Pest management (internal link) measures focus on pest control, agro-ecosystem balance, crop rotation, cropping, trapping crops, and the use of natural insecticides, when pests invade, stimulate the above economic thresholds.